Fakultät Informatik

Research Highlights

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The foreign coinage which found its way Florence was remarkable for variety and fluctuation in value.

The standard piece Naples was the Carlin, Venice the Mark or Ducat, London the Pound sterling, help for writing Paris the Livre Tournois, and Rhodes and Tunis the Besan. All these were current If Jews, and Greeks the one part, and Venetians and Genoese the other, were the great original factors in the monetary expansion the Middle Ages, Florence was undoubtedly the centre all banking interests in the Renaissance. To Florentine initiative wholly due the admirable facility exchanging cash values against paper. This system revolutionised and vitalised the entire conduct commerce, not only in Florence herself, but throughout the known world.

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Leltere Cambio Letters change, or credit, became an indispensable means transacting essay writers wanted the international business bankers and moneylenders.

The transmission bullion became more and more risky, and its bulk increased the difficulty transit. The depreciation need a ghostwriter coinage in habitual use was also a serious objection dealing in cash directly.

These admirable and convenient money drafts provided a ready and secure means dealing in credits. They were first used in Florence in, but possibly, they had their origin in Venice, during the middle the twelfth century, where they were confined certain business houses dealing together. The system Letters Credit made the transmission money, even such distant places as Jaffa, and Tana the Sea Azof, a i need to write a essay help matter comparative ease.

For example, when a Florentine citizen wished transmit, say, a couple hundred pounds Antwerp, had but saunter into the office some CalimcUa? Wool or Silk Merchant, who, in a few words addressed courier his agent there, caused The use Letters Credit made possible for vast operations carried through, like those the Bardi and Peruzzi, the year, for well-nigh a million and a half gold florins, equal, placed at the disposal A table time-limits between Florence and the principal cities Europe and the East, copies which were displayed at all the Banks, shows the days required for consignments specie and goods reach their destinations, as follows Bologna, Pisa, Genoa and Rome, Venice and Naples, Milan, Sicily, Provence, and Tunis, Flanders, England and Constantinople, and Cyprus. The days occupied the couriers the Florentine Mercantile and Banking houses, in travelling were as follows Rome and Genoa, essay pay write each five six days Milan, Venice and Naples, ten twelve Paris, Bruges and Barcelona, twenty twenty-five London, Sicily and Constantinople twenty-five thirty. The brokerage sanctioned the Guild varied according the standard value the money employed, whether gold or silver the average amount was from ten fifteen per cent.

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Probably one the principal causes which contributed make Florence prosperous was the system loans at interest. In Florence was rather a sound system finance than a sordid love money that influenced her commercial policy. Very early her merchants discovered that capital, borrowed at a high rate interest, was not the readiest way advance their operations. Speculators doubtless there were, and even plungers, use a modern term, who craved money for its own sake, but these men were regarded with little esteem, and their methods were not generally attractive.

At first the ecclesiastical powers opposed the lending money at custom essays cheap interest, and the making profit upon a temporary loan was deemed usurious. Even us based essay writing service the end the fourteenth century, was considered usurious for any one make a loan, which was not drawn upon an official form, and where, in the instrument itself, was not stated that the loan was made Public loans were raised in the following way The State named certain citizens, members the chief Banking Companies, with full power find the money required, assigning them, way security, taxes placed upon certain commodities entering the gates the city such as salt and Peruzzi. Lapo Mazzei, Lettere. wine or commissions upon the rents the shops the Ponte Vecchio. The Companies accepted the contract, and furnished the necessary sum wholly or in part, raising the remainder among the citizens, upon certain conditions, and at a reasonable interest. Another method was adopted when was desired force admission essay help the citizens take the loan, the amount the sum required was publicly proclaimed, and part assigned every street in accordance with the wealth and number the inhabitants. After the portion paid each had been fixed, was then delivered the State Treasurer, who repaid the creditors when the loan expired, from the proceeds the customs.


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