Fakultät Informatik

Research Highlights

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The most important legal Tribunal in Florence was La Corte delta Mercanzia? Founded somewhere about the year embraced the attributes a Court Justice and the functions a Chamber Commerce. It was composed six Senior Judges, members Guild Judges and Notaries, under the presidency a foreign juris consult or doctor laws, generally a graduate the University Bologna. This President bore the style Ufficiale Forestiere a title which reveals, quite characteristically, the innate desire the Florentines old for the absolutely free expression an unbiassed and impartial judgment in matters concerning the general well-being the The President the Court, the way, as a matter form, was required enrolled a member Guild Judges and Notaries.

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He had the power summon before him all citizens who, themselves, or their partners, incurred liabilities abroad and also all persons who were supposed in possession information or evidence relative any suit.

In agreement with the six Judges could requisition all merchants and tradesmen's books, and could compel defaulters make such restitution as the Court directed, at the demand any foreign The Code which this bench judicial dignitaries were called Its objects, which were threefold, were.

To insure that Florentine merchants, phd dissertation writing service and their merchandise, should with all possible security and freedom.

To secure that the credit the State should maintained under all circumstances and at all hazards. To provide that foreigners should have no just cause The jurisdiction the Court was, at first, confined the interests the six Greater Guilds but, as the inferior crafts grew in influence, was extended over the members the fourteen Lesser Guilds, and later over all sorts and conditions The greatest difficulties with which the Mercanzia had contend were in connection with international questions. These arose from the fact that every Florentine trader in a foreign land was regarded as a surety for his fellow-citizen at home.

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It was this Tribunal that all questions affecting the interests Florentine commerce beyond Tuscany were submitted for adjudication. It interesting note, in the records Florentine history, how strikingly the highmindedness and judicial probity her merchants and craftsmen were exhibited in the favourable view taken the Mercanzia appeals addressed foreigners.

The most elaborate precautions were taken that the subjects other States should have no excuse for complaining partial or The Mercanzia was also the final Court Appeal in cross suits between members the various Guilds. One the many and customary need help writing a essay disputes which arose daily between traders in the Market and their customers came before the Tribunal the Mercanzia March.

Two innkeepers sought restrain two fishmongers from selling eels, salted and fresh. The fish in question had come from Padua, and was offered for sale in the Mercato Nuovo, and the innkeepers declared unfit for use although they had purchased and now they declined pay Among other functions, almost too numerous mention, the Court took charge the goods and effects deceased members the Guilds, and appointed trustees manage such estates for the benefit the lawful heirs. In the seven Magistrates the Mercanzia had been appointed collectors the Assay, or Masters the Mint, for the preservation the good fame the city, which spread abroad through the whole world, for the lawfulness and value the good coin and the golden florins made therein. A later decree gave the Mercanzia the right proceed against forgers and depreciators the coinage, as well as against makers corners cheap paper writing service for the hardening the money-market. Powers were also exercised buy essay papers cheap the seven magistrates reopen closed accounts, inquire into misapplication monies, tax debtors statements, and sit as a Court Bankruptcy. In the latter behalf the Mercanzia acted during the severe banking disasters which followed the course the war between England In, a further extension its powers, embraced in its jurisdiction questions and offences touching maritime affairs. Indeed, University the Mercanzia, as was fully styled, was all intents and purposes the prototype our The Tribunal the Mercanzia was held at the residence the Vfficiale Forestieri, article rewriting services a massive edifice in the Piazza della Signoria between the Palazzo Vecchio and the Palazzo Uguccione. There also resided, during their tenure office, the six assistant Judges. Within will someone write my essay for me the Hall Audience, immediately over the seats the Judges, were frescoes the Seven Virtues, designed Antonio Pollaiuolo. On the facade Taddeo Gaddi painted his celebrated fresco The Six Virtues and the Six Judges. Although this, alas, has long ago disappeared, the shields bearing the coats-of-arms the Greater Guilds, cut in stone, still remain over the principal entrance. Above all runs the legend Omnis The greatest period the Mercanzia was.

 

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