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Edward invited dyers, fullers, and weavers from Flanders settle in his dominions, and teach his people their methods and, at the same time, directed that The whole list given Balducci Pegolotti for the year, from the MS. Riccardiana, La Pratica della Mercatura, exorbitant duties should placed upon the exports wool merchants buy wool and woollen yarn and cloth except in London, Southampton, and Sandwich. A few years online assignment writing help later this was made more stringent the absolute refusal Parliament allow sales Italian wool merchants. Legislation under Edward IV. forbade aliens export wool, and restricted natives from consigning bales or bags, all foreign ports except Calais. All these repressive measures led the commissioning Italian merchants blocade-running ships, which risk means valuable consignments were got Such embargoes could not tolerated, and the Florentine shippers appointed Bindo Staggio, a resident in London and a persona grata at Court, their ambassador, plead for a relaxation the prohibitive regulations. The outcome was favourable the foreign traders, and way securing their advantage, two wool merchants Francesco de Strozzi and Gierozo de Pigli, both residents in London, were appointed Consuls the In a Royal decree was issued regulating sales Florentine merchants, and again restricting their trade. Under Henry more enlightened counsels prevailed, and a commercial treaty, between England and the Florentine Republic, was signed, which English merchants undertook carry every year sufficient wool supply all the States Italy and Florentine traders promised buy no wool unless carried in English ships. The Florentines obtained their side corresponding privileges with respect the import into England redressed foreign cloth and dyed Florentine weavings. modifications the treaty were made. Greater freedom was allowed in the purchase raw wool for sole consumption in Florence, but her merchants research paper outline help were forbidden dissertation thesis writing re-sell their imports, except six hundred bales annually the Venetians. The reigns Henry and Elizabeth were full enactments for and against the research papers to buy online Florentine woollen-cloth merchants. The former sovereign encouraged their enterprise, and had personal dealings with the Frescobaldi, Bardi, Corsi, Cavalcanti, and other leading houses. The policy Elizabeth was however repressive, and under her the export raw wool was once more absolutely and entirely forbidden.
National junior honor society essay help
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This prohibition cut both ways but the greater sufferers were the English sheep farmers, whose loss was estimated at ten million pounds sterling ! At the same time no such restrictions or prohibition affected the export Spanish and Portuguese wool.
From a document the year learn that prices ranged as follows A whole fleece Garbo less the skin, one hundred gold Undressed wool Matteo, and Majorca, one lira, eleven Undressed wool Minorca one lira, eighteen soldi per pound. Washed wool Majorca two lire, five soldi per pound. Woollen yarn Garbo two lire, eight soldi per pound. With England as the greatest wool-producing country in Europe, from the thirteenth the fifteenth centuries, the commercial intercourse the Florentines developed rapidly. At first the trade with the English grower was only through the medium the French and Flemish markets, and was carried overland from which circumstance English wool was called lana francigena After Florence had obtained possession the ports Livorno and Porto Pisano, the bales were shipped direct from London, or Southampton, which was the chief wool-shipping depot. One the favourite trade routes was from London the coast France sea, then the rivers Gironde and Dordogne, as far as Libourne, thence overland, Montpellier Aigues Mortes in Provence, whence canal and sea Porto Pisano, and river boat the Arno Segna, and finally road Florence ! Another was Bruges in Flanders, through Germany Basel, custom writing australia and over the passes the Alps. The expenses the land transport were enormous, and added immensely the value the wool when reached the hands the craftsmen in Florence. The freight from London Leghorn or Porto Pisano was two soldi per mule load, and the charge for porterage, trans-shipment, repacking, etc. the way, added Archivio Firenze, Tassa delle Gabelle. considerably the cost.